Apples A – B

I have some apples for sale immediately.  Fruit trees are usually planted mid Winter, so we’re a little late but it’s still cold enough that most are still dormant.  These trees are in pots and are very happy, judging by the number of worms in the pots we played with today.  I recommend planting them as soon as you can, although you could keep them in pots – which will require watering over Summer.

$25 per tree, even for the rare ones, so cheaper than the big green box shop!  I have limited quantities so your first preference may not be available – but despair not because Audun and I will be working our way through the nursery over the next few days and I will be posting information about other varieties as we progress through the alphabet.  If there is a specific variety you know you want, contact me and I will check for you straight away.  Tonight I’m just posting apples in the A and B section.  After the apple name, I’m listing which roostock I have it on.  Ideally, email me with a shortlist so if I can’t give you your top pick, I can give you the next one, etc.  🙂

Order by emailing steve@chestnutfarm.net.au

Varietal notes are mostly taken (with permission) from Clive Winmills’s “Apples Old & New” …supplemented with my own research and observation.  There are loads more opinions about each apple online so also have fun researching – and remember that how an apple tastes or performs also depends on your soil, care, rainfall, etc.  🙂

(FT means Flowering Table – ones with the same number flower at the same time.  E means spur bearing and suited for espaliering.)

Rootstocks are either:

M9 – very dwarf (35% seedlings size), requires staking, suited for step overs, large pots, wicking beds or raised bed plantings.  I wouldn’t recommend for orchard plantings, although it is used in commercial orchards in Australia.

M26 – dwarf (40% seedling size). Vigorous, doesn’t like extended wet feet, but I’ve found it good at my place, which can be very wet.

Ottawa 3 – (45% seedling size) Canadian rootstock suited to very cold conditions.

MM102 – 45 % seedling size. Quite resistant to Woolly Aphid

Here’s more information on different rootstocks from Eversen Nurseries (Australia).

Akane  FT 3   [E]      [M9 / M 26]

Dessert, second-early harvest, Japan. Introduced to Australia mid 1970’s. Fruit medium size, red, firm. Tree prolific, flowers midseason, diploid. “Stores and carries well”

Alexander FT 3  [M9 / M26 / MM102]

Cooker/dual purpose, mid-season harvest.  ex Ukraine (c 1700?), well known in USA. Introduced to UK in 1817.  Good eating out of hand, but even better for cooking or drying. It is a good sauce apple, yielding a very juicy purée. Fruit comes to maturity over many weeks, requiring multiple pickings which suits home gardeners.  Does not store well.

Anna   FT  1   [E]    [M26 / Ottawa 3]

Dessert, early harvest, Israel, modern. Fruit medium to large, red-blushed, good flavour. Tree flowers extremely early, diploid.  This is a low-chill cultivar and therefore suitable for ‘subtropical’ areas. Flowers too early even for FT1, so cross-pollinate with Dorsett Golden, which is similarly early.  [Both the Anna’s have already got leaves on them!  – Steve]

Annie Elizabeth  FT3    [E]        [MM102 only]

Cooker, late harvest, England (Leics.) c. 1870. Fruit medium to large, flushed and striped, firm, acid, keeper.  Tree moderately vigorous, upright-spreading, quite self-fertile, flowers mid-season, diploid.  A reliable cropper of well-seized fruits.  Generally classed as a cooker, but good dessert apple for those who like a tangy table apple. “An excellent late kitchen or dessert apple”

Baldwin [ M9 / M26 / Ottawa 3]

Dual purpose, mid to late harvest, USA c 1740.  Fruit large, red, crisp, slightly aromatic, and a good dryer and keeper.  Tree vigorous, large, round-headed, flowers early to midseason, triploid.  “The most popular variety in the northern states [of the USA] throughout most of the 19th century. A first rate fruit.”

Ballarat (aka Stewart’s Seedling)  FT 3  [M26 / Ottawa 3]

Dual purpose, late harvest, Australia (Ballarat!) 1870’s. Fruit medium size, yellow-green, hard, subacid, cooking translucent with pieces remaining whole, keeper.  Tree upright, vigorous, flowers mid-season.  “Noted for the outstanding flavour of its jelly.  To many people, superior to Granny Smith for cooking”.  The name Ballarat Seedling was given to it by the Mossmont nursery, which was based in Ballarat before moving to the Dandenongs.  Clive Winmill notes that it is usually classed purely as a cooker, but that he rated it highly as a dessert apple.

Belle Cacheuse  FT 3   [M26 / Ottawa 3]

Belle Cacheuse apple is an old French variety,  very large size cooking apples, some of the largest there is. Also used in cider making, but pretty good eaten fresh too, real prize winner. Fruit large, flattish with green skin striped red on sunny side.

Belle de Boskoop  FT6 – 2   [M9 / M26 / Ottawa 3]

Syn. Boskoop, Gold Reinette. Dual purpose, harvest mid to late, Netherlands. 1856.  Fruit medium-large, yellow, flushed and russetted, crisp, aromatic acid, good keeper, cooks fluffily golden yellow.  Tree large, upright-spreading, flowers early to midseason, triploid. “a valuable apple” Belle de Bosjoop is much sought after by people of European background, and its reputation is well deserved.  Its synonym Gold Reinette is frequently corrupted to Golden Reinette, thus confusing it with at least 25 other cultivars sharing the latter name.

Blenheim Orange  FT 3   [M26 / MM102 / Ottawa 3]

Syn. Blenheim Orange Pippin.  Dual purpose, midseason to late harvest. England (Oxon.) c 1740. Fruit large, orange blushed, a little striped and russetted, crisp, briskly sweet, fair keeper.  Tree vigorous, spreading, partial tip bearer, flowers midseason, triploid.  “one of the best all-round apples grown” Winmill agrees.  Also beautiful in appearance.  Young trees shy croppers but improve with age.

Blue Pearmain FT 3     [M26 / Ottawa 3 / MM102]

Dual purpose, late harvest, probably USA, early 1800s. Fruit medium to large, purplish red with heavy bloom, flesh yellowish, tender, sweet, aromatic, keeper.  Tree moderately vigorous, spreading, good spur producer, flowers midseason.  “Rather rich, and very good”  Grew well for Winmills.  The dark, bloomed fruit quite striking in appearance.

Brittle Sweet [M26 / Ottawa 3 / MM102]

Dessert, second early to midseason harvest, USA 1867.  Fruit medium size, red, crisp, honeylike, aromatic.  Tree moderately vigorous, very good cropper, flowers midseason.  “Among the best, and deserves more attention”